Lecture by Shaykh Tahir ul Qadri
Summarized and Translated by Alveena Salim
Our Holy Prophet Muhammad has been granted the power of Intercession by Almighty Allah (swt): Allah (swt) states in the Holy Quran that ‘Who is there to intercede with Him except by His permission’.
The oxford dictionary has described the word Intercession as; to ask on someone’s behalf, intervene, mediate, plead, negotiate and to act as a mediator. In a hadith it is stated that Allah (swt) gave His Beloved Rasool a choice of two blessings. Allah (swt) told His beloved Rasool that He could either, be given the right that half of His Ummah (community) would be allowed admittance into Paradise without questioning, he could be given the right to intercede on behalf of His followers.
Our Holy Prophet chose the latter, this was because the first right was bound by conditions and limits whereas the second right was not bound by any limits. In the first right only half of our Beloved Prophet Ummah would be guaranteed admittance into Paradise, whereas in the second right there was no limit to the number of people that the Holy Prophet would be able to intercede for. This promise of intercession is for the sinners and not for the Believers, since admittance into Paradise has been promised for the ones whom have Iman (Belief), Allah has promised the ‘believing men and women, Gardens under which rivers flow to dwell therein forever, and beautiful mansions in Gardens of paradise’. (Surah Tobah 72)
On this Day the Believers will be saved because of Allah (swt) mercy whilst the sinners will be saved because due to intercession by Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad . On the Day of Judgment, Allah (swt) will be on His throne and our Holy Prophet will be on His right side at the superior Abode. The Holy Quran substantiates this fact in these following words. ‘Soon your Lord will raise you to Mukam e Mehmood’ (a station of praise and glory).
Some hadiths narrate that this station is the actual throne of Allah (swt). Allah (swt) is the lord of the heavens and the earth and it is up to him whom He allows to sit beside His throne. This does not in any way diminish or reduce the Exalted status of our Creator. For instance when a King sits with His Slave, this does not reduce the status of the King but only exalts the status of His Slave. In the same way The Holy Prophet is the devotee of Allah (swt). He is the light of Allah (swt) but not Allah (swt) himself, but at the same time He (s) is not separate and alien from Allah (swt).
The Holy Quran declares in the most precise terms that compliance with the Holy Prophet is in fact submission to the Word of Allah (swt). According to the Holy Quran there is no disparity in the fact that faith in Almighty Allah (swt) is impossible without being steadfast in following the Sunnah and mode of life of the Holy Prophet (Sirat Ur Rasool). ‘Anyone who obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah’ (4:80)
Our Holy Prophet has the utmost nearness of Allah (swt), with ascension and elevation bestowed in abundance. Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran in reference to the night of Miraj (Night Journey to Heaven) “Then He (Muhammed) approached and came closer and was at the distance of two bow-lengths or even nearer”.
On that Blessed night no one witnessed what was said or what happened between Allah (swt) and His most beloved creation, because during that night our Beloved Prophet crossed ‘Sidrat-ul-Muntaha’, the highest place on the last heaven where even angel Gabriel was unable to cross.
However on the Day of Judgment everyone will witness the high station ascribed by Allah (swt) to His most beloved of all creation. In Hadith Bukhari it is stated that, On the Day of Judgment ‘I (s.a.w) will prostate before Him. Then it will be said ‘O Muhammad, raise your head and speak for you will be granted your request, and intercede for your intercession will be accepted’. Then I (s.a.w) will intercede on behalf of my followers, and then it will be said ‘Go and remove from hell those who have faith in their hearts equal to the weight of a mustard seed’. Then I (s.a.w) will remove all the people from hell, who have faith in their hearts equal to the weight of a mustard seed, and fall into prostration again. Then it will be asked again: ‘Go and remove from hell those who have faith in their hearts equal to the weight of a half of a mustard seed’. Then I (s.a.w) will remove all the people from hell, who have faith in their hearts equal to the weight of a half a mustard seed, and fall into prostration again. Then it will be asked again: ‘Go and take out of hell those who have the slightest amount of faith.’ Then I (s.a.w) will remove all the people from hell, who have the slightest amount of faith within their hearts.
It is also narrated that ‘I (s) will return for a fourth time and will prostrate before Him. I (s) will say ‘O lord allow me to intercede for whoever said ‘La ilaha ill-Allah (None has the right to be worshipped except Allah). The Allah (swt) will say ‘I swear by my Power, My Majesty, and by My supremacy that whoever said La ilaha ill-Allah (None has the right to be worshipped except Allah), may be removed from the Hell fire’.
This hadith also demonstrates the love that Our Beloved Prophet feels for Allah (swt), because this matter could have been resolved in one prostration. However our Blessed Prophet returned to Allah (swt), numerous amounts of time to request intercession on behalf of His followers. When one truly loves someone they find excuses to see them again and again.
Mawlana Rumi has emphasized this true love beautifully in one of his poems, ‘A lover never seeks without being sought by his beloved. When the lightning bolt of love has pierced this heart, be assured that there is love in that heart. When the love of God grows in your heart beyond any doubt God loves you’.
This love was also demonstrated on the Miraj (Night Journey to Heaven), when Allah (swt) enjoined the commandment for fifty prayers to the Holy Prophet (s) to establish upon His Ummah. However Hadrat Musa advised the Holy Prophet to ask Allah (swt) to reduce the number. Therefore the Holy Prophet had to return to Allah (swt) a number of times to ask Him to reduce the amount of prayers until Allah (swt) finally reduced the number to five.
This incident portrays the extreme love that Allah (swt) possesses for his Beloved Prophet . Allah (swt) has infinite amount of wisdom and knowledge and knows how many prayers the Holy Prophet’s Ummah can bear. Therefore Prophet Musa (pbh) was just a means for the Holy Prophet (s) to return to back to Allah (swt) numerous times and for Prophet Musa to witness the reflection of seeing Allah (swt) from The Prophet’s face. It is often the case that if one loves somebody dearly, holds him close to the heart then the lover will always look for ways and means of hearing about his beloved. He will become happy if others praise his beloved and become delighted if they remember him. If onlookers are scattered, and busy in their own affairs, the lover will desire that they concentrate upon His beloved just as he himself has become engrossed in him. In order to demonstrate his love, he may wish that he alone should not praise his beloved but that it should be done by all of creation.
In the same way Allah (swt) could have asked His angles to remove the people the Holy Prophet interceded for from Hell. However the reason why the Holy Prophet personally removed those people from Hell was so that the people would know who interceded for them on their behalf. This elevated his status even further, and the Creator of the universe has raised high the remembrance of His Beloved Prophet as emphasised most beautifully in the Holy Quran ‘O Prophet, We have raised high your remembrance for your sake’. (94:4).
To sum up, one should never feel any miserliness in their hearts whilst discussing the shaan (merits), of our Beloved Prophet . If one feels uncomfortable, agitated or disturbed whilst listening to the merits and virtues of our Beloved Prophet then they should consider themselves a Munafiq (hypocrite). Alternatively if one feels intense amount of joy, wellbeing, peace and happiness whilst listening to merits and virtues of our Beloved Prophet then they should consider themselves a true believer, because these feelings of joy and wellbeing reflects the state of their Iman (faith).
Faith which is deficient in love and obedience to the Holy Prophet will not be the real Islamic Faith. The true genesis of faith is to love the Holy Prophet which is a pivotal source in strengthening ones real Islamic faith.
Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallama tasliman kathira’ (May Allah bless him and greet him abundantly)